The Relationship between Reading and Writing

Amy Good and Elizabeth Korab

University of Illinois @ Urbana-Champaign

Spring 2003 Professor Cziko

Educational Psychology 313

 

 

*General Information on Reading and Writing Development*

 

 

Stages of Reading Development

 

This website gives a brief description of the stages of reading development.  Stages are from 0 through 5, with corresponding ages all the way to adulthood.  This is especially useful for parents because it explains to parents what to expect from their child as far as reading development.  However, the one concern that arises from this website is how structured the stages of reading development are.  Not all children move through these stages at the listed ages.  However, this website is a good starting point for parents to learn about reading development. 

 

Print Rich Environments

 

This report talks about the importance a child just seeing words in their environment, whether this is at school or at home.  It states, “Reading development is fostered when children are immersed in print rich environments.”  The website gives a list of things for parents of things to look for in a print-rich environment/classroom.  It also talks about the important relationship between reading and writing development, and how they work together.  “Research tells us that the key to young children’s literacy learning is their participation in meaningful activities in which reading and writing are interactive and interrelated and have a common element—written language.”  Definitely a good source for parents and teachers to check out!

 

Models of Reading

 

This is a fabulous site for anyone, but especially educators and parents.  It explains the basic development of reading and writing, as well as the various theories of reading instruction.  The website also has good diagrams (for those visual learners) to show various models and theories of reading.  One very unique aspect of this website is its list of resources for reading (picture books, “I can read” books, chapter books, poetry, etc.) and explains why they are useful in the process of reading development. 

 

Reading and Writing in the Classroom

 

This website does a good job of explaining the importance of teaching using reading and writing together in classroom instruction.  Both reading and writing facilitate each other, but yet typically they are kept separately in the classroom.  It gives suggestions for teachers to incorporate both into their curriculum by putting students in the writer’s role.  

 

Small Folk

 

Smallfolk.com has an entire list of resources for parents to look at for child development.  We encourage parents to check it out.  Their article on reading and writing development lists several good tips on what parents can do to further their child’s reading and writing development.  Basic things such as your child engaging in frequent conversations can give your child a head start in school.  It is also useful because it addresses the issue all parents are concerned about, “What if my child doesn’t read or write right away?”  Very good resource!!

 

Early Literacy Development

 

This website gives a brief overview of early literacy development focusing on the areas of: oral language, cognitive skills, understanding and applying the concepts of reading and writing, and specific literacy skills.  This website is particularly interesting because it focuses on EARLY literacy development, before any type of schooling.  The four things previously listed are the areas in which pre-instructional development must occur.  The section on cognitive skills was also interesting. 

 

Early Writing Development

 

What makes this site interesting are the visual examples it gives for stages 1-7 of early writing development.  Other than this, there is not much information on the website besides the basic facts.  However, this is a good website for parents with younger children because it clues parents in to the writing process—their child is making more than just scribbles! 

 

 

 

*Research*

 

 

ERIC digest

 

The ERIC sites have a range of topics from actual lesson plans to current research on all areas of the curriculum including reading and writing.  This article specifically discusses writing development and methods of instruction to help students become better writers.    The author of this article also describes how children are writing transitions, especially when involved in play and story telling.

 

Article on Reading Comprehension

 

This is an article about how the idea of reading comprehension has changed over the years.  Much of this is due to ongoing research and practice in the area of reading and writing.  This process talks about how reading and writing are interrelated and really rely on this relationship to facilitate growth. 

 

Interaction of Reading and Writing

 

This site is devoted to some of the research that has been done in the area of reading.  It also speaks specifically about the interaction of reading and writing and how this is important for development in both areas.  In addition to the research, the site also indicates trends in reading instruction and activities for teachers and parents.

 

 

 

*Professional Organizations*

 

 

CIERA

 

Ciera stands for the Center for Improvement of Early Reading Achievement.  It is a national organization that conducts research in the area of reading on a continuous basis and uses these findings to educate parents, teachers, and universities. 

 

IRA

 

IRA stands for the International Reading Association and works with improving literacy on a global level.  The IRA also offers membership to include mostly teachers, college professors, and administrators.  This organization conducts research, publishes research findings, and holds conferences in the area of reading. 

 

NAEYC

 

NAEYC stands for the National Association for the Education of Young Children.  This organization devotes much time to the continued improvement of early childhood programs.  It has a wealth of parent resources and includes membership options.  The NAEYC is also very up to date on the latest research and is the nation’s oldest organization concerning the education of children.

 

Reading Activities

 

This is a great site for early reading activities.  It can be used for teachers of early childhood education or parents wanting to reinforce skills at home.  It includes lessons with detailed descriptions of how to implement effective story reading, the materials to be used, and follow up activities.

 

 

*Parent and Teacher Resources and Information*

 

 

Books about Reading and Writing

 

This site, developed by PBS, lists a variety of books that will help enhance and improve children’s reading strategies.  It also has published research in the area of reading development to help parents and teachers understand what children are doing at various stages. 

 

Pagewise/Children Education

 

This site includes games, activities, and strategies for reading and writing as well as many other areas of the curriculum.  It also has much information for any parent who might be home schooling his or her children.  There is also a section giving tips to parents on how to improve children’s achievement.

 

Department of Education

 

This site is developed by the U.S. Department of Education and includes activities for children in Preschool through grade six.  It also includes reading lists and resources for those interested in improving the reading development of children. 

 

Professional Articles

 

This site has a vast array of articles on writing across the curriculum.  They are written by educators and professionals in diverse fields and include topics of interest to anyone interested in improving the writing through a variety of teaching methods. 

 

IRA and NAEYA Position Statements

 

This site is a collaboration of two professional organizations; the International Reading Association, and the National Association for the Education of Young Children.  It lists what children can do at various stages in reading and writing, and activities for parents and teachers to enhance the child’s development. 

 

Education World

 

This site discusses the importance of reading and writing at home and how it improves children’s’ achievement in school.  There is also a list of activities that can be implemented at home with a brief description of each activity.

 

 

 

 

Note: ☺denotes a favorite website

 

 

Amy’s Impact:

 

Through the years, I have read many studies on reading and writing development and have come to understand the interconnectedness of these two areas.  These studies and my own experience has shown me the importance of teaching students to read like a writer or write like a reader.  To explain further; students will be better readers when they are able to predict the format in which the writer is writing and learn strategies for their own writing.  In return, writers are writing with the idea of conveying a specific message to the reader and in short have a conversation.  Writers are influenced by the material they read, which is why an abundance of material in a variety of genres is important in the classroom and the home.  The reading of research continues to influence my teaching, consequently, I believe staying current on the trends in education is vital for mine and my students’ growth.

 

 

Elizabeth’s Impact:

 

As a future parent and educator, I found these websites extremely helpful.  Growing up you really do not think about all of the little things that helped your reading and writing development.  The Reading and Writing Development website under General Information was particularly interesting because it never really dawned on me just how separated reading and writing are in the classroom.  As pointed out through several of our websites, both interact with each other and feed off the other.  It only makes sense that they are taught together, but then why are they not?  I know as a teacher this will definitely be something I will be more aware of and try to incorporate into my classroom because of the information I have found on these websites.  I really enjoyed SmallFolk.com because not only did they list lots of relevant information to any parent regarding child development, but they addressed the issue of what to do if you think your child is not developing correctly.  Many of the websites addressed many sorts of activities, etc. that parents could do with their kids to increase their child’s reading and writing development, but none really addressed the issue of what to do if a child is not developing with his or her peers.